Nearly 6 million Germans came to the United States between 1820 and the onset of World War I in 1914. By the First World War 10% of South Australians were of German descent. They list the emigrant's birthplace, residence, assets, and indebtedness. The volumes which deal with emigration are V. 1, page 19 and 48, V. 2, page 103, V. 3, pages 9, 39, 73, 87, 102 V. 6-7, V. 9 pages 157, 417. Such documents were restricted to time and space. The Württemberg emigration records are a unique collection of papers and documents on applicants who filed for permission to emigrate from Germany during the nineteenth century. The Family History Library has copies of passenger lists for the port of Rotterdam. Alsace Emigration Books. These records begin in the mid-1700s, with most from the 1800s. USA (1,111,225) > Massachusetts (39,382) > Massachusetts Immigration Records (203) Statewide Immigration Records. The nineteenth century was the century for immigrants searching for economic improvement. New York passenger lists, 1892-1924, are available online, indexes, at www.ellisisland.org; passenger lists for 1820-1957 are available on www.ancestry.com. German Immigration to Texas The first permanent German settlements in Texas date back to the early 1830's, and the upsurge in German immigration in the 1840's resulted in such towns as Fredericksburg and New Braunfels. Check the Place Search of the catalog under: GERMANY, [STATE] - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION, GERMANY, [STATE], [TOWN] EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION. Links to various Lists of German emigrants, passenger lists, etc. Alien Registration Forms (Form AR-2), August 1940 to March 1944 U.S. Asheville, N.C. : Money Tree Imprints, c2000. German and Swiss Settlers in America, 1700s-1800s Immigration Records The German and Swiss immigrants included in this resource mostly settled in the Carolinas, Georgia, Louisiana, New York, … From 1850 to 1891, 41 percent of German and east European emigrants left via the port of Bremen (Germany), 30 percent via Hamburg (Germany), 16 percent via Le Havre (France), 8 percent via Antwerp (Belgium), and 5 percent via several ports in the Netherlands. Thus it is very important to search all available records in the United States first. During the nineteenth century there were several distinct major periods of immigration. New Orleans records are available for 1800-1945. German Records at the GLO begin with the organization of the Adelsverein, or . Four Volumes. Once you have found the port of entry you will be able to find the ship's passenger list. This page has been viewed 98,570 times (0 via redirect). (FHL film 1,125,0027.). See Germany Newspapers for a bibliography of German-language newspapers. Large numbers also settled in Illinois, Minnesota, and other Midwest states. The records in this collection are an incredible source illustrating the history of immigration to the United States and the importance of Philadelphia as a port city. Several sources may reveal where your ancestor came from. Only a few Germans emigrated from other European ports. Zarnowitz, West Prussia Genealogy Records 1800s. They were allowed access to guest books in inns, they could trace the exact travel route by looking at visas and remarks on the travel documents. Please note that published immigration lists are subject to errors and should be verified in original records. From that year until World War I, almost 90 percent of all German emigrants chose the … The following is an index to the Antwerp passenger lists: Hall, Charles M. The Antwerp Emigration Index. The number of emigrants increased dramatically during this time period. Below are listed some indexes that can help you find Germans from Southeast Europe: Deutsches Ausland-Institut (Stuttgart). The records you will need to continue your research, such as birth, marriage, and death records, are kept in local areas. By mid-1994 there were 36 volumes covering the years 1850 to 1880. A few German emigrants are included in these records, but most Germans who sailed from Le Havre are not recorded. ), Deutsches Ausland-Institut (Stuttgart). Other records document their arrival in the destination country. Helpful sites to gain information might be Deutsch-Pennsylvanischer Arbeitskreis e.V. Kartei der Auswanderer nach Ungarn, 1750-1945 (Index of emigrants to Hungary, 1750-1945). Request A Quick Quote. (FHL film 1,552,795 items 1-2. Pennsylvania German Pioneers: A Publication of the Original Lists of Arrivals in the Port of Philadelphia from 1727 to 1808. Immigration after Irish independence is dealt with by the article Immigration to the United Kingdom since Irish independence.. Modern humans first arrived in Great Britain during the Palaeolithic era, but … Some state censuses, such as the 1925 New York census (which gives the date and place of naturalization), contain more information than federal censuses. Before each travel which would entail departure from immediate surroundings a passport had to be issued by the local mayor or the judge of the regional administration. Immigrants from the Palatine area usually settled in Pennsylvania. To learn more about these records, see the research outline for the country where your ancestor settled and the research outline Tracing Immigrant Origins. Other card indexes at the library include the following: There are card indexes of World War II refugees from many parts of central and eastern Europe. For more information, see Germany Probate Records. These records are discussed further in Germany Population. These usually focus on the emigrants from one town, principality, or state. Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Genealogical Publishing, 1985, 1986, 1988,1993 (FamilySearch Catalog book 974.71 W3g). Each entry includes the emigrant's name, residence or place of birth, and the year of departure. There are no records of passengers leaving Germany or other North Sea ports except Hamburg and then only from 1850 to 1934. Such guidelines did not really change until 1860. Disregard for guidelines were prosecuted. 1871 to 1914. Essentially, this endeavor was to create an economic foothold in Texas. Colonies developed in what later became Hungary, Romania, and Yugoslavia. The ABCs of German-American migration : annotated guide to German-American migration records / by Charles R. Haller. This is the best article about German immagration to the U.S. in the late 1800's, I have located so far. These indexes are listed in the Locality Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under the region from which the refugees fled. Castle Gardens is the precursor to all records maintained by the U.S. Government at Ellis Island. II. Dozens of German colonies were established and grew until World War I. These records often give information such as the emigrant's name, birth date or age, birthplace, occupation, last residence, verification of identity, and physical description. Baden, Germany Emigration Index, 1866-1911. You can look in the Subject Search of the catalog under: Wiki articles describing online collections are found at: This website requires a paid subscription for full access. I. Teil: 1816-1900, Westfälische Auswanderer im 19. Alsace Emigration Index. The call number is 943.3 B2b. Auswanderung aus dem Regierungsbezirk Minden. View-able online at the Family History Library or a FamilySearch Center.). Germans to America. A-Files (immigrant records,April 1, 1944 to May 1, 1951 U.S. Citizens were required to tell the police when they moved. Wilmington, Delaware, USA: Scholarly Resources, 1988-. Netherlands. German Immigration records … The 1920 United States census sometimes lists the province or city of birth for people (or their parents) born in Germany. Germans had to apply for permission to emigrate from most areas. Northern and eastern Germans tended to leave through Hamburg. Military Records. (FHL book 943 W2we. Online German Emigration Records, Lists and Indexes, Emigration from Germany, including the historical background of German emigration, The Hamburg Passenger Departure Lists 1850-1934, http://www.germanroots.com/emigration.html, http://www.loc.gov/rr/genealogy/bib_guid/german-immigration.pdf, American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Germany, Bremen Passenger Departure Lists - FamilySearch Historical Records, Germany, Hesse, Darmstadt City Records - FamilySearch Historical Records, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Germany_Emigration_and_Immigration&oldid=4093147, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Records of German emigrants in their destination countries, Naturalization applications and petitions. The Hamburg Passenger List indexes are being put online. More Americans claim to be descendants of German immigrants than those of any other ethnic group. See also,U.S. Strassburger, Ralph Beaver, and William John Hinke. Two Volumes. History of German Immigration to America in the 1700's: The Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4, 1776 and German Immigration to America … After the Revolutions of 1848, many Germans immigrated to the United States. A service provided by, U.S. Immigration Online Genealogy Records, U.S. Naturalization Online Genealogy Records, Deutsche Auswanderer-Datenbank (German Emigrants Database), Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild (Outgoing passengers), UK, Selected Records Relating to Kindertransport (USHMM), Palestine, Illegal Immigration from German-Occupied Europe, 1938-1945 (USHMM), Helpful websites for 19th Century German Emigration, Microfilms of passport protocols, 1851-1929. This year is only a small percentage of the total. Helpful websites for 19th Century German Emigration. Printing the notice gave the newspaper readers plenty of time to put in a claim if they were owed money by the person leaving. Records that document emigration from Germany include passenger lists, passports, permissions to emigrate, German and French emigration indexes, published emigration lists, police registration records, and other departure documents, as well as sources in the emigrant's new countries. Many German immigrants served in the United States military, especially in the American Civil War. People of higher social standing were issued a so called “Signalement”, meaning that they did not have to be subjected to scrutinizing measures by the police. One Step Webpages by Stephen Morse Links to free and $ online passenger lists. (Detroit, Michigan, USA: Gale Research, 1981-; FHL book Ref 973 W33p). As farm workers in particular, the German immigrants were valued for their steady industriousness, and the origins of South Australia's wine industry are credited with individual German families. The Family History Library has microfilmed the 276 volumes of the consistories' church record civil transcripts in the Russian State Historical Archives. ISBN 0-9703748-0-1 Z1361.G37H35 2000 LH&G 2001335108 A useful guide to sources for German-American immigration. If your family tree has German immigrants, include American church records in your genealogy research efforts. Before Ellis Island was established as America’s main entry point for immigrants, many German passengers came through Castle Gardens–many from Pomerania. For example, the library has microfilmed the emigration application records of Württemberg. They may have arrived as a fare-paying passenger, as an 'assisted' migrant, a member of a ship's crew, in military or naval service, or as a convict. The measures for issuance of identification and control had somewhat shifted from former intentions in as much that now crime and movements of fringe groups came under closer scrutiny. These begin in 1840's To use the records, you must know the approximate years the person lived in a town. Many immigrants naturalised in the UK after some years – especially in the late 19th or 20th centuries. If they move they must tell the local police that they are moving and give the new address. Secret emigration was more an issue in German territories closest to the French border. German Protestant records are listed here. This wave of emigration was caused chiefly by economic hardships, including unemployment and crop failures. In addition, several organizations, such as the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia and the Germans from Russia Heritage Society, will help genealogists. Early German immigrants to the United States (1683-1820) settled mainly in Pennsylvania. Microfilms of passport protocols, 1851-1929 Authors: Hamburg (Hamburg). The Family History Library has these application records for several states and cities, including Baden, Rheinland, the Pfalz, and Zwickau. Emigrants included political dissenters, Jews, and others who were uncomfortable with post World War I developments. Several other records were usually created as emigrants left Germany. Before that a passport was a form of recommendation. (FHL book Ref 943.47 W22st.) The affected could find themselves in prison or could plead their case at the next higher administration level. More information - including maps showing the areas of heaviest German population is found here. In Prussia a passport entailed a detailed description of a person. Here are some published emigration lists online. Genealogical Records: New York, 1675-1920; German and Swiss Settlers in America, 1700s-1800s Immigration Records; Immigrants to America, 1600’s-1800’s; Immigrants to Pennsylvania, 1600s-1800s; Immigration Records: Scottish Immigrants to North America, 1600s-1800s; Irish & British Immigrants … Another factor was that not enough officers were available to enforce emigration-immigration/migration laws which account for the many secret emigrations from German territories. A-Files (immigrant records,April 1, 1944 to May 1, 1951 U.S. 11,000 ships 1800's: Germans to America: Genealogy.com 1850 to 1888: CD-355 1850 to 1874 CD-356 1875 to 1888: Glazier 67 Volumes 1850 to 1897 Series II 1840 to 1849: German & Swiss Immigrants in America: Genealogy.com 1700's to 1800's: CD-267 1700's to 1800's In the early 1800s, an economic depression and over-population caused restrictions on marriages and attempts to limit growth in poor areas of the south and central Germany. Reprint. Records were created when individuals emigrated from Germany. Germans were the largest immigrant group to settle in Wisconsin in the 19th century. The port of Bremen was a major point of embarkation for emigrations during the 19th and 20th centuries. The most useful parts of this source for genealogists are the alphabetical lists of German immigrants, which are divided into three sections: Volga region immigrants (pp. Conscripted men could be watched better and travelers could be kept away from political and strategically important places, for instance, the capital. Most entered in three … Young couples in these areas … Then head to the library (and brush up on your deutsch—resources from Germany will, of course, be in German).Private nobility records are generally kept at the ancestral castle by a family member or an honorary (ehrenamtlich), unpaid part-time archivist.You’ll find a good list of these archives in the set … Beggars, vagabonds, out of work servants, quacks, peddlers etc. Immigrant records available in the United States include the following: Passenger Arrival Lists. Registres des émigrés, 1817-1866 (Index of emigrants, 1817-1866). It covered an immense plain with no natural boundaries, with a thinly scattered population of many ethnic groups, including the Poles themselves, Germans in the cities of West Prussia, … the Society for the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas, which was established on April 20, 1842 by a group of 21 Nobles in Biebrich, Germany. The following bibliography contains over 2,500 published lists of emigrants and immigrants: Filby, P. William. Each state or city had its own laws regarding passports. Jahrhundert. German immigration to Canada resumed after the end of the War. Passenger vessels are not included. Passenger and Immigrations Lists Bibliography, 1538-1900. Passport regulations between 1815 and the 1850s in German territories were in the hands of police officers. Ministère de l'Intérieur. Don’t Hesitate To Ask. Most German immigration to the United States occurred during the nineteenth century, but Germans began arriving as early as 1608, when they helped English settlers found Jamestown, Virginia. The alphabetical index gives the emigrant's name, age, occupation, place of origin, residence, destination, passport date, and source microfilm number. Auswanderung aus dem Regierungsbezirk Münster, I. Teil: 1803-1850, America Emigrants from the District of Herford, Heimliche Auswanderung [Secret Emigration] aus 15 Orten (709 Personen), Geduldete Auswanderung [Permitted Emigration], Index to Emigrant Volumes By Dr. Heinz Marxkors: Series A and B, List of 19th Century Emigrants from Alstätte (Alstaette), Westphalia to Cincinnati and Ohio, Lippe Emigration Database - Emigration from Lippe to the USA, Emigrants from the Surrounding Area of Olpe, Westfalen, Germany to the United States of America, Mainz, Germany, Emigration Register, 1856-1877, MigraBase - Rheinland Emigration Database, Auswandererdatei des Stadtarchivs Koblenz, Emigration Irscher Bürger nach Nord Amerika (1856-1882), Emigrants from Pirmasens and the Surrounding Area, Emigration out of Schleswig-Holstein, 19th Century, Emigrants from Schleswig-Holstein to New Amsterdam (now New York) in 1636-1667, Rudolstadt State Archives: Emigration Database, Some 19th Century Emigrants from Sachsen-Coburg, Sachsen-Kronach and Sachsen-Meiningen, Auswanderungen aus dem Herzogtum Sachsen-Meiningen (Emigration from the Duchy of Saxony-Meiningen), Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Emigration Database, The Old Lutheran Emigration at the Middle of the 19th Century by Wilhelm Iwan, More German Genealogy Records and Databases, Emigration from Greven in Westphalia in the 19th century, Stemwede Emigrant Database (also see the next section), Emigration from Ostbevern to America, 1833-1899, Emigrants from the Former Counties of Büren and Paderborn in St. Libory, St. Clair County, Illinois, Auswanderer aus dem Ehemaligen Kirchspiel [Parish], im Ehemaligen Kreis [County], in der Ehemaligen Provinz Westfalen, Emigrants from Ostbevern to America, 1833-1899, American Immigrants from East Westphalia, 1840-1914, Emigrants from the Former Amt Damme, Oldenburg (Now Niedersachsen), Germany, Mainly to the United States, 1830-1849, Emigrants from Fellbach (Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany), 1735-1930, Emigrants from the West-German Fuerstenberg Territories (Baden and the Palatinate) to America and Central Europe 1712, 1737, 1787, Emigrants from the Principality of Hessen-Hanau, Germany, 1741-1767, Emigrants from Saxony (Grandduchy of Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach) to America, 1854, 1859, 19th-Century Emigration from Kreis Simmern (Hunsrueck), Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany to Brazil, England, Russian Poland, and USA. Antwerp. Germany has no nationwide index to these records. Full-blown anti-German hysteria meant that the German language and culture were ostracised. Most German immigrants to the United States arrived at New York City. The passenger lists for 1847 to 1871 have been partially reconstructed. Universal City, California, USA: Jones, 1985. In some cases, government entities encouraged poor citizens to emigrate. Baden, Germany Emigration Index, 1866-1911. Kartei der im Ausland lebenden Deutschen, 1940-1945 (Index of Germans in foreign countries, 1940-1945). Church Records (Annotations). This webpage contains a directory of links to online transcriptions of passenger lists and other material for immigrants to Pennsylvania for the period prior to the lists in Pennsylvania German Pioneers (which covers 1727-1808). The most significant surviving passenger departure lists are from Hamburg. The Family History Library has filmed the Le Havre commercial cargo vessel passenger lists for the years 1750 to 1886. Lists of emigrants are often published. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1977. Hegensdorf Emigrants 1824-1893 [offsite] Palatines from Germany to England in 1709 (most went on to America) Some German Passengers Missed by Germans to America; August and Christine Beine, My German … Description Data files relating to the immigration of Germans to the United States for arrivals 1850-1897. This contains surnames only. Most Württemberg records consist of applications and accompanying documents that were collected by district offices. The Palatine Families of New York: A Study of the German Immigrants Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710. … The following source is a card index for emigrants that have been listed in the periodical Deutsches Familienarchiv (German Families Archive): Emigrants to and from Germany from the 18th to the 20th Century. Two Volumes. For example, the library has microfilmed the emigration application records of Württemberg. See Germany Newspapers for more information. Identification had to be shown to each official who wanted to see them. This does not index official U.S. arrival lists. The Hamburg passenger list records and indexes have been microfilmed and are available at the Family History Library. Were they Protestants? During the third wave (1871-1914), many German immigrants settled in New York City, Chicago, St. Louis, or other large cities. Newspapers. The Family History Library has emigration records or indexes for almost every German state and various German districts or cities. Some early immigrant groups were sponsored by the British Colonisation Commission. German immigration peaked in the 1880s and early 1890s and at the census in 1891 the figure had increased to 9, 565. This system was copied by other European nations. Eighteenth Century Emigrants from the Northern Alsace to America. In August of 2013, … Zarnowitz, West Prussia Genealogy Records 1800s. This 277,000-name, 23-microfiche index shows name, event year, birth date, emigration date, destination, and last known residence. Pre-1807 Philadelphia port arrivals include many Germans who left via Dutch ports (see Strassburger and Hinke's book, listed later in this section). There were large German settlements in towns such as Albury, Grafton, Tenterfield, Armidale, Bega and Temora. (FHL book 973W33p 1988.). The mostly German settled Banat area was once part of the Austrian Empire and is now divided … The German Emigration Database has been compiled from emigration notices printed in newspapers. (FHL book 974.7 D2j.). Do you have German ancestors who lived in the Midwest? Philadelphia was a major center for trade in the early 1800s and remained an important port … You may learn of your ancestor's place of origin by talking to older family members. Emigrants included not only ethnic Germans but also Poles and Jews. Sometimes these notes include the year of emigration and names of those who went with the person. (FHL book 943 H22b.) The Baltimore passenger arrival lists are indexed. This section discusses the following subjects: Once you have traced your family back to a German immigrant, you must find the city or town your ancestor came from if you wish to find earlier generations. More references and research tools for locating Germans who emigrated to Southeast Europe are found on-line at: Following World War II, most returned to Germany or Austria, but many also moved to the United States, Canada, Australia, Brazil, and other countries. The restrictions were implemented for political and military reasons. Created by the Center for Immigration Research at the Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies, these listings of primarily Russian, Irish, German, and Italian immigrants who came to New York during certain periods in the mid to late 1800s are searchable through NARA's online catalog Access to Archival Databases (AAD). Jahrhundert. On-going. Cemeteries in Germany … Thus, a process was set in motion which made German immigrants unique among all the major immigrant groups, and which was further fuelled by the Second World War – the almost complete erosion of their original identity. Hamburg. Passport guidelines were established in France in 1792 to control migrations. (FHL films 1,340,060 item 5 to 1,340,061 item 2. Starting in 1722, the Austro-Hungarian monarchs encouraged Germans to settle their lands, especially along the devastated border with the Turks. Asheville, N.C. : Money Tree Imprints, c2000. (FHL book 974.8 B4pgp v. 26). German immigration boomed in the 19th century. The information in these records may include the emigrants' names, ages, occupations, destinations, and places of origin or birth places. Residents of Hamburg had to apply for a passport to emigrate. Records of immigrants arriving at Canadian land and seaports from January 1, 1936 onwards remain in the custody of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. The Wuerttemberg Emigration Index. I have removed much of the information that would not apply to central Missouri. Most names are from the early 1900s. Brandt, Bruce. These records are … For further information see German Ports: Gateway to America by Raymond Wright III. Citizenship and Immigration … (FHL book 974.8 F2st 1966; 1934 edition on films 1,035,683 item 5 and 1,321,373 item 3; fiche 6,057,507-9.) Assorted Putzig, West Prussia Genealogy Records 1660-1890. were not permitted entry into German territories. Citizenship and Immigration … The German Emigration Database has been compiled from emigration notices printed in newspapers. “By 1917 these immigrants who came to Cincinnati or St. Louis or Milwaukee or New York or Baltimore were fully integrated into American society,” says Richard E. Schade, a German … The Emigration from Germany to Russia in the Years 1763-1862. This page was last edited on 18 September 2020, at 18:36. In order to research your ancestor in German records, you need to know the exact town of origin. The Family History Library has compiled an index of persons who emigrated from or through Elsaß-Lothringen from 1817 to 1866. Information given in passenger lists varies but usually includes the emigrant's name, age, occupation, last residence or birthplace, and destination. 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That a passport to emigrate from most areas german immigration records 1800s conflicts parish registers next to birth or marriage entries date!