A revival of the vintage—and since lost—formula for the particular brands found has been offered for sale with a portion of the proceeds to benefit the New Zealand Antarctic Heritage Trust which discovered the lost spirits. [48] In accordance with Shackleton's promise to Scott, the ship headed for the eastern sector of the Great Ice Barrier, arriving there on 21 January 1908. The third option was chosen. He was perhaps best known for his 1914–16 expedition, in which his ship, Endurance, was crushed by pack ice and the crew endured months of hardship before being rescued. [13] On 17 February 1901, his appointment as third officer to the expedition's ship Discovery was confirmed; on 4 June he was commissioned into the Royal Navy, with the rank of sub-lieutenant in the Royal Naval Reserve. [27] A record Farthest South latitude of 82° 17' was reached, beating the previous record established in 1900 by Carsten Borchgrevink. Shackleton was ready to depart to Antarctica however; just when he was at South Georgia, local seamen warned him that he … [35] Instead, he became a journalist, working for the Royal Magazine, but he found this unsatisfactory. [126], Macklin, who conducted the postmortem, concluded that the cause of death was atheroma of the coronary arteries exacerbated by "overstrain during a period of debility". The printed word saw much more attention given to Scott—a forty-page booklet on Shackleton, published in 1943 by OUP as part of a "Great Exploits" series, is described by cultural historian Stephanie Barczewski as "a lone example of a popular literary treatment of Shackleton in a sea of similar treatments of Scott". He was one of the five men who accompanied Shackleton on his epic crossing from Elephant Island to South Georgia and was one of only four of the crew of Endurance not to receive the Polar Medal . [152] In October 2015, Shackleton's decorations and medals were auctioned; the sale raised £585,000. Shackleton's steadfast and masterly leadership and the quality of the men he led has been recognized in more recent times. Wild. Psychoactive drugs were also on hand, Francis writes. Despite his assurances to Emily that "we are practically sure of the contract", nothing came of this scheme. Later in the 20th century, Shackleton was "rediscovered". Shackleton reluctantly agreed to look for winter quarters at either the Barrier Inlet—which Discovery had briefly visited in 1902—or King Edward VII Land. [92] By 17 March, their ice camp was within 60 miles (97 km) of Paulet Island;[93] however, separated by impassable ice, they were unable to reach it. Nevertheless, Dr Macklin was certain that the cause of death was ‘angina pectoris’ due to ‘pretty extensive atheroma of the coronary arteries’, 10 and this seems likely to be correct, since Shackleton was a heavy cigarette smoker for most of his life, and the symptoms sound ischaemic. [148] In 2002, Channel 4 produced Shackleton, a TV serial depicting the 1914 expedition with Kenneth Branagh in the title role. [128] Within a year the first biography, The Life of Sir Ernest Shackleton, by Hugh Robert Mill, was published. The party was in high spirits, despite the difficult conditions; Shackleton's ability to communicate with each man kept the party happy and focused.[51]. [31] Although in public they remained mutually respectful and cordial,[34] according to biographer Roland Huntford, Shackleton's attitude to Scott turned to "smouldering scorn and dislike"; salvage of wounded pride required "a return to the Antarctic and an attempt to outdo Scott". Shackleton suffered frostbitten fingers as a result. It is likely that many debts were not pressed and were written off. [44] Before leaving England, he had been pressured to give an undertaking to Scott that he would not base himself in the McMurdo area, which Scott was claiming as his own field of work. [62][63] He was honoured by the Royal Geographical Society, who awarded him a Gold Medal; a proposal that the medal be smaller than that earlier awarded to Captain Scott was not acted on. [62][65] Shackleton was also appointed a Younger Brother of Trinity House, a significant honour for British mariners. [38] On 9 April 1904, he married Emily Dorman, with whom he had three children: Raymond, Cecily, and Edward, himself an explorer and later a politician.[39]. [9] The aim was the conquest of both the geographical South Pole and the South Magnetic Pole. [88], Until this point, Shackleton had hoped that the ship, when released from the ice, could work her way back towards Vahsel Bay. [h][99][100] Not only did Shackleton recognize their value for the job but also because he knew the potential risk they were to morale. One does not believe that we have lost all sense of admiration for courage [and] endurance". Ernest Shackleton, Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer who attempted to reach the South Pole. Ernest Shackleton's official record of the Endurance expedition ... died on the night of the 2nd, and the doctors reported that the cause of death was appendicitis. [94], After five harrowing days at sea, the exhausted men landed their three lifeboats at Elephant Island, 346 miles (557 km) from where the Endurance sank. In a Christie's auction in London in 2011, a biscuit that Shackleton gave "a starving fellow traveller" on the 1907–1909 Nimrod expedition sold for £1250. On 4 February 1903, the party finally reached the ship. On 9 April, their ice floe broke into two, and Shackleton ordered the crew into the lifeboats and to head for the nearest land. [11] In August 1894, he passed his examination for second mate and accepted a post as third officer on a tramp steamer of the Welsh Shire Line. Sir Ernest Shackleton- "At 5pm she went down by the head: the stern the cause of all the trouble was the last to go under water. [e][72], Any future resumption by Shackleton of the quest for the South Pole depended on the results of Scott's Terra Nova Expedition, which left from Cardiff in July 1910. The crew escaped by camping on the sea ice until it disintegrated, then by launching the lifeboats to reach Elephant Island and ultimately South Georgia Island, a stormy ocean voyage of 720 nautical miles (1,330 km; 830 mi) and Shackleton's most famous exploit. For these achievements, Shackleton was knighted by King Edward VII on his return home. John William Vincent (24 January 1884 – 19 January 1941) was an English seaman and member of Ernest Shackleton's Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. Quick Facts Name Ernest Shackleton Birth Date February 15, 1874 Death Date January 5, 1922 Place of Birth Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland Place of Death [156] This expedition was made into a documentary film,[157] screening as Chasing Shackleton on PBS in the United States, and Shackleton: Death or Glory elsewhere on the Discovery Channel. Frank Wild then engaged in the necessary tasks brought up by the death of the Boss. Shackleton refused to pack supplies for more than four weeks, knowing that if they did not reach South Georgia within that time, the boat and its crew would be lost. Cause of Death: Heart attack Historical Events 1909-01-09 Ernest Shackleton as part of the British Nimrod Expedition reaches a record farthest South latitude (88°23' south) Despite their presence, Shackleton died rather suddenly. Here is all you want to know, and more! [56] Shackleton returned to the United Kingdom as a hero, and soon afterwards published his expedition account, Heart of the Antarctic. [6] The young Shackleton did not particularly distinguish himself as a scholar, and was said to be "bored" by his studies. From the pier we carried him to the little hospital and placed him in the room in which we had lived together seven years before. Mill, R. H. The Life of Sir Ernest Shackleton. [b][41] In the meantime he had taken a job with wealthy Clydeside industrialist William Beardmore (later Lord Invernairn), with a roving commission which involved interviewing prospective clients and entertaining Beardmore's business friends. Shackleton's will was proven in London on 12 May 1922. [96] Shackleton's concern for his men was such that he gave his mittens to photographer Frank Hurley, who had lost his during the boat journey. "[32] There is no corroboration of Armitage's story. [146], Shackleton's death marked the end of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, a period of discovery characterised by journeys of geographical and scientific exploration in a largely unknown continent without any of the benefits of modern travel methods or radio communication. His father was a doctor. [49], It was noted that ice conditions were unstable, precluding the establishment of a safe base there. A wonderful evening. In charge of holds, stores and provisions [...] He also arranges the entertainments. Rowett agreed to finance the entire expedition, which became known as the Shackleton–Rowett Expedition. [119], Shackleton returned to the lecture circuit and published his own account of the Endurance expedition, South, in December 1919. [97], Elephant Island was an inhospitable place, far from any shipping routes; rescue by means of chance discovery was very unlikely. Also, members of his team climbed Mount Erebus, the most active Antarctic volcano. In 2017 Nancy Koehn argued that, in spite of Shackleton's mistakes, financial problems and narcissism, he developed the capability to be successful. [29] All 22 dogs died during the march. The old familiar smell of dead whale permeates everything. (, This expedition took place under Mawson, without Shackleton's participation, as the, Filchner was able to bring back geographical information that would be of much use to Shackleton, including the discovery of a possible landing site at, Churchill sent Shackleton a one-word telegram on 3 August –, Officer of the Order of the British Empire, List of personnel of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, Sir Ernest Shackleton: Funeral Ceremony In South Georgia: Many Wreaths On Coffin, Shackleton's Last Voyage: the Story of the Quest, "Polar explorer Ernest Shackleton may have had hole in his heart, doctors say", "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", "Shackleton, Sir Ernest Henry of 14 Milnethorpe-road, Eastbourne, knight", "Reliving Shackleton's Epic Endurance Expedition", "Ernest Shackleton Honoured with Birthday Google Doodle", "Team sets out to recreate Shackleton's epic journey", "Sir Ernest Shackleton medals raise £585,000 at auction", "Elation for Adelaide adventurer Tim Jarvis as epic Antarctic trek ends", "Polar Explorer vs. Alexander Macklin was one of two surgeons and also in charge of keeping the 70 dogs healthy. [14][15] Although officially on leave from Union-Castle, this was in fact the end of Shackleton's Merchant Navy service. The founder of the family was Abraham Shackleton, a Quaker, who moved to Ireland early in the eighteenth century and started a … Macklin stayed with Shackleton for the worst of the attack and then went to wake Dr Ilroy and Leonard Hussey. He was, as a shipmate recorded, "a departure from our usual type of young officer", content with his own company though not aloof, "spouting lines from Keats [and] Browning", a mixture of sensitivity and aggression but, withal, sympathetic. [90], For almost two months, Shackleton and his party camped on a large, flat floe, hoping that it would drift towards Paulet Island, approximately 250 miles (402 km) away, where it was known that stores were cached. [87] She drifted slowly northward with the ice through the following months. They found that the Barrier Inlet had expanded to form a large bay, in which were hundreds of whales, which led to the immediate christening of the area as the Bay of Whales. [6] Four years later, the family moved again, from Ireland to Sydenham in suburban London. They wrote: "Shackleton resonates with executives in today's business world. [45], On 4 August 1907, Shackleton was appointed a Member of the Royal Victorian Order, 4th Class (MVO; the present-day grade of lieutenant). [11], In 1898, Shackleton joined Union-Castle Line, the regular mail and passenger carrier between Southampton and Cape Town. [153] This team became the first to replicate the so-called "double crossing"; sailing from Elephant Island to South Georgia, and the crossing of the South Georgian mountains from King Haakon Bay (where Shackleton had landed nearly 100 years prior) to Stromness. A century ago, British explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton was a key figure in the race to explore Antarctica. This march was not a serious attempt on the Pole, although the attainment of a high latitude was of great importance to Scott, and the inclusion of Shackleton indicated a high degree of personal trust. In January 2013, a joint British-Australian team set out to duplicate Shackleton's 1916 trip across the Southern Ocean. After landing, Shackleton took part in an experimental balloon flight on 4 February. As Macklin wrote: ‘Nothing could be done, however. Shackleton's mother, Henrietta Letitia Sophia Gavan, was descended from the Fitzmaurice family. Remains: Buried, Grytviken, South Georgia Island. [5], In 1880, when Ernest was six, Henry Shackleton gave up his life as a landowner to study medicine at Trinity College, Dublin, moving his family to the city. Died: 5-Jan - 1922. Mrs Chippy was shot when the Endurance sank, due to the belief that he would not have survived the ordeal that followed. [98] Shackleton had clashed with McNish during the time when the party was stranded on the ice, but, while he did not forgive the carpenter's earlier insubordination, Shackleton recognised his value for this particular job. At the age of thirteen, he entered Dulwich College. [101] The James Caird was launched on 24 April 1916; during the next fifteen days, it sailed through the waters of the southern ocean, at the mercy of the stormy seas, in constant peril of capsizing. I cannot write about it. [123] When the party arrived in Rio de Janeiro, Shackleton suffered a suspected heart attack. Proposing a toast to the explorer at a lunch given in Shackleton's honour by the Royal Societies Club, Lord Halsbury, a former Lord Chancellor, said: "When one remembers what he had gone through, one does not believe in the supposed degeneration of the British race. [117] Shackleton returned to England in early March 1919, full of plans for the economic development of Northern Russia. The fate of Scott's expedition was not then known. [154][155], The expedition very carefully matched legacy conditions, using a replica of the James Caird (named for the project's patron: the Alexandra Shackleton), period clothing (by Burberry), replica rations (both in calorific content and rough constitution), period navigational aids, and a Thomas Mercer chronometer just as Shackleton had used. The Shackleton family are of English origin, specifically from Yorkshire. [19] Shackleton's particular duties were listed as: "In charge of seawater analysis. Gender: Male. With funds supplied by former schoolfriend John Quiller Rowett, he acquired a 125-ton Norwegian sealer, named Fo… In the early hours of the next morning, Shackleton summoned the expedition's physician, Alexander Macklin,[126] to his cabin, complaining of back pains and other discomfort. [113], Shackleton was specially appointed a temporary major on 22 July 1918. [110][111] In October 1917, he was sent to Buenos Aires to boost British propaganda in South America. 77510). ", Study of diaries kept by Eric Marshall, medical officer to the 1907–09 expedition, suggests that Shackleton suffered from an atrial septal defect ("hole in the heart"), a congenital heart defect, which may have been a cause of his health problems.[131]. [104], The next successful crossing of South Georgia was in October 1955, by the British explorer Duncan Carse, who travelled much of the same route as Shackleton's party. (, The distance from the Pole is commonly given as 97 or 98 miles, this being the distance in nautical miles. By early 1912, the world was aware that the pole had been conquered, by the Norwegian Roald Amundsen. The Shackleton story. [10] The options available were a Royal Navy cadetship at Britannia, which Shackleton could not afford; the mercantile marine cadet ships Worcester and Conway; or an apprenticeship "before the mast" on a sailing vessel. [125] He refused a proper medical examination, so Quest continued south, and on 4 January 1922, arrived at South Georgia. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton CVO OBE FRGS FRSGS (/ˈʃækəltən/; 15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was an Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic. [50] After considerable weather delays, Shackleton's base was eventually established at Cape Royds, about 24 miles (39 km) north of Hut Point. [129][130] Macklin wrote in his diary: "I think this is as 'the Boss' would have had it himself, standing lonely in an island far from civilisation, surrounded by stormy tempestuous seas, & in the vicinity of one of his greatest exploits. Appointment to a military expedition to Murmansk obliged him to return home again, before departing for northern Russia. Ernest Shackleton CVO OBE FRGS (/ˈʃækəltən/; 15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, and one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Shackleton published details of his new expedition, grandly titled the "Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition", early in 1914. [31] He was in a seriously weakened condition; Wilson's diary entry for 14 January reads: "Shackleton has been anything but up to the mark, and today he is decidedly worse, very short winded and coughing constantly, with more serious symptoms that need not be detailed here but which are of no small consequence one hundred and sixty miles from the ship". The manager, ‘an old friend of ours’ as Wild wrote, had been with Shackleton the previous afternoon and was shocked by the news. [18] Shackleton accepted this, even though his own background and instincts favoured a different, more informal style of leadership. [25][26], The party set out on 2 November 1902. 100 YEARS AGO TODAY: The Relief of the Ross Sea Party, Copyright © Irish Maritime Exhibitions | Website maintained by, 15 JULY, 1911, WINTER PARTY REACHED CAPE CROZIER. Unqualified as a diplomat, he was unsuccessful in persuading Argentina and Chile to enter the war on the Allied side. Leaving McNish, Vincent and McCarthy at the landing point on South Georgia, Shackleton travelled 32 miles (51 km)[95] with Worsley and Crean over extremely dangerous mountainous terrain for 36 hours to reach the whaling station at Stromness on 20 May. Shackleton delayed his own departure until 27 September, meeting the ship in Buenos Aires.[83]. Shackleton returned to the lecture circuit and published his own account of the Endurance expedition, South, in December 1919. He also socialized with his crew members every evening after dinner, leading sing-alongs, jokes, and games. [12] Following the outbreak of the Boer War in 1899, Shackleton transferred to the troopship Tintagel Castle where, in March 1900, he met an army lieutenant, Cedric Longstaff, whose father Llewellyn W. Longstaff was the main financial backer of the National Antarctic Expedition then being organised in London. To this end, he made preparations for what became the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, 1914–1917. When Shackleton returned to England in May 1917, Europe was in the midst of the First World War. Shackleton's first experience of the polar regions was as third officer on Captain Robert Falcon Scott's Discovery expedition of 1901–1904, from which he was sent home early on health grounds, after he and his companions Scott and Edward Adrian Wilson set a new southern record by marching to latitude 82°S. He appealed to the Chilean government, which offered the use of the Yelcho, a small seagoing tug from its navy. The "Great Southern Journey",[52] as Frank Wild called it, began on 29 October 1908. On 8 May, thanks to Worsley's navigational skills, the cliffs of South Georgia came into sight, but hurricane-force winds prevented the possibility of landing. Other crew included James, Hussey, Greenstreet, a carpenter Harry McNish, and a biologist named Clark. Born in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland, Shackleton and his Anglo-Irish family[1] moved to Sydenham in suburban south London when he was ten. While Shackleton's feat of survival was readily acknowledged as remarkable, it was overshadowed by Robert F. Scott's death, which in the wake of World War I better suited the national mood of mourning. [67] The reality was that the expedition had left Shackleton deeply in debt, unable to meet the financial guarantees he had given to backers. Now we must speed all we can, but the prospect is not too bright, for labour is scarce. On the Endurance, the second in command was the experienced explorer Frank Wild. All his life had been a rattling rush of swift succeeding action, like a chain cable racing through the hawse-pipe into an unfathomed sea, causing the world to vibrate as it ran out its full length of forty-seven shackles when the last link slipped over, and there was silence. [17], Although Discovery was not a Royal Navy unit, Scott required the crew, officers and scientific staff to submit to the conditions of the Naval Discipline Act, and the ship and expedition were run on Royal Navy lines. I cannot write about it. As Wild wrote: All hands mustered quietly and stood bareheaded as we lifted the coffin, covered by our silk white ensign, to the side of the Quest, and passed it over into a motor launch. [31], After a period of convalescence in New Zealand, Shackleton returned to England via San Francisco and New York. [137] A statue of Shackleton designed by Charles Sargeant Jagger was unveiled at the Royal Geographical Society's Kensington headquarters in 1932,[138] but public memorials to Shackleton were relatively few. He thought seriously of going to the Beaufort Sea area of the Arctic, a largely unexplored region, and raised some interest in this idea from the Canadian government. Literature, too, consisted in the dissection, the parsing, the analysing of certain passages from our great poets and prose-writers ... teachers should be very careful not to spoil [their pupils'] taste for poetry for all time by making it a task and an imposition. London, 1923. [11] Two years later, he had obtained his first mate's ticket, and in 1898, he was certified as a master mariner, qualifying him to command a British ship anywhere in the world. Today is the 99th anniversary of the death of famed explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton, who died in South Georgia on 5 January 1922 on his fourth expedition to the Antarctic. Dying heavily in debt, Shackleton's small estate consisted of personal effects to the value of £556 2s. "[134], Before the return of Shackleton's body to South Georgia, there was a memorial service held for him with full military honours at Holy Trinity Church, Montevideo, and on 2 March a service was held at St Paul's Cathedral, London, at which the King and other members of the royal family were represented. [159][160] In 2017, the musical play Ernest Shackleton Loves Me by Val Vigoda and Joe DiPietro made its debut in New York City at the Tony Kiser Theater, an Off-Broadway venue. [115], For his "valuable services rendered in connection with Military Operations in North Russia" Shackleton was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 1919 King's Birthday Honours,[116] and was also mentioned in despatches by General Ironside. What do you want me to give up now?’, Shackleton then suffered an attack of angina pectoris. There remained the men of the Ross Sea Party, who were stranded at Cape Evans in McMurdo Sound, after Aurora had been blown from its anchorage and driven out to sea, unable to return. [2] He rapidly became a role model for leadership as one who, in extreme circumstances, kept his team together in a survival story described by cultural historian Stephanie Barczewski as "incredible".[3]. I noted the time—it was about 2.50 a.m.’ [71], None of these enterprises prospered, and his main source of income was his earnings from lecture tours. Later that morning, Wild, now in command, gave the news to the shocked crew, and told them that the expedition would carry on. The ship, after a drift of many months, had returned to New Zealand. He called for Frank Worsley and informed him of Shackleton’s death. He was one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Robert Hugh Mill wrote of Shackleton’s death: A fine, a characteristic end, without warning, without regret. [55] They arrived at Hut Point just in time to catch the ship. This group, despite many hardships, had carried out its depot-laying mission to the full, but three lives had been lost, including that of its commander, Aeneas Mackintosh.[108]. Lansing is best known for his book Endurance: Shackleton's Incredible Voyage, the account of the failed Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of Sir Ernest Shackleton and his crew to the South Pole in 1914. The attitudes of his men were a point of emphasis in leading his men back to safety. He also assisted in the equipping of the Argentine Uruguay, which was being fitted out for the relief of the stranded Swedish Antarctic Expedition under Otto Nordenskjold. On 9 January 1909, Shackleton and three companions—Wild, Eric Marshall and Jameson Adams—reached a new Farthest South latitude of 88° 23' S, a point only 112 miles (180 km) from the Pole. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 10 December 2011 (M.P.C. Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874, in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland. Hussey returned to South Georgia with the body on the steamer Woodville, and on 5 March 1922, Shackleton was buried in the Grytviken cemetery, South Georgia, after a short service in the Lutheran church,[128] with Edward Binnie officiating. He assisted Wild in the jobs that needed to be done. Bad evaluation of circumstances and stubbornness instead of perseverance. At the same time, attitudes towards Scott were gradually changing as a more critical note was sounded in the literature, culminating in Roland Huntford's 1979 treatment of him in his dual biography Scott and Amundsen, described by Barczewski as a "devastating attack". Meanwhile, a second ship, the Aurora, would take a supporting party under Captain Aeneas Mackintosh to McMurdo Sound on the opposite side of the continent. [76] Public interest in the expedition was considerable; Shackleton received more than 5,000 applications to join it. [33], Years after the death of Scott, Wilson and Shackleton, Albert Armitage, the expedition's second-in-command, claimed that there had been a falling-out on the southern journey, and that Scott had told the ship's doctor that "if he does not go back sick he will go back in disgrace. Tom Crean was in more immediate charge as head dog-handler. "Chiefly alcohol, Boss," replied Macklin. Being roused at such an hour, it took a moment for the significance of the news to occur to Wild. The doctors of Grytviken embalmed the body and a coffin was made by Mr. Hansen of nearby Leith. He thought seriously of going to the Beaufort Sea area of the Arctic, a largely unexplored region, and raised some interest in this idea from the Canadian government. Shackleton, Sir Ernest Henry, 1874-1922; usage: E.H. Shackleton) found : biography.com, Feb. 20, 2013 Ernest Shackleton biography page (Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was a British explorer who in 1901 joined an expedition to the Antarctic.) Profession. After a medical examination (which proved inconclusive),[32] Scott decided to send Shackleton home on the relief ship Morning, which had arrived in McMurdo Sound in January 1903. [112] He returned home in April 1918. His father, Henry Shackleton, tried to enter the army, but his poor health prevented him from doing so. I noted the time—it was about 2.50 a.m.’. This disparity continued into the 1950s. Ernest Henry Shackleton was born at Kilkea House, County Kildare, on February 15, 1874. London, 1923. Two major underlying causes of the Endurance Crisis are: A. He returned to the ‘Quest’ that evening in good cheer. Nevertheless, in February 1907, Shackleton presented to the Royal Geographical Society his plans for an Antarctic expedition, the details of which, under the name British Antarctic Expedition, were published in the Royal Geographical Society's newsletter, Geographical Journal. [74], Shackleton published details of his new expedition, grandly titled the "Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition", early in 1914. [13], Shackleton used his acquaintance with the son to obtain an interview with Longstaff senior, with a view to obtaining a place on the expedition. Shackleton then worked hard to persuade others of his wealthy friends and acquaintances to contribute, including Sir Philip Lee Brocklehurst, who subscribed £2,000 (approximately equivalent to £198,000 in 2016) to secure a place on the expedition;[44] author Campbell Mackellar; and Guinness baron Lord Iveagh, whose contribution was secured less than two weeks before the departure of the expedition ship Nimrod. In the period immediately after his return, Shackleton engaged in a strenuous schedule of public appearances, lectures and social engagements. Steadfast and masterly leadership and the quality of the 100 Greatest Britons ]!, Shackleton 's life was generally restless and unfulfilled making a fortune in the using! Join Aurora, and sailed with her to the rescue of the Boss these... Day, they were able, finally, to Land on the following,! Erected in Athy, sponsored by Kildare County Council Mill wrote of Shackleton ’ s,! J. 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Regular mail and passenger carrier between Southampton and Cape Town Grytviken embalmed body..., Wild gathered all hands together to tell them the news arrived from South Georgia and cast off! Shackleton then suffered an attack of angina pectoris body and a coffin was made by Hansen! By King Edward VII Land the rough-hewn granite block set to mark the spot reads: `` in charge keeping. 85 ], on Shackleton 's restlessness at school was such that he been... 'S Endurance: Shackleton 's 1916 trip across the Southern Ocean [ 151 Asteroid... Magazine, but the prospect is not too bright, for labour is scarce 's restlessness at was! The second in command was the experienced explorer Frank Wild 1873–1939, took...

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